Like humans, plants need water regularly for their development and growth although there is a considerable difference in the quantity of the plants’ requirement. If you over water or underwater your plants, they will cease to exist. Therefore, you need to be very careful about this too.
After all, several minor factors combine to produce a healthy, green garden. People who are new to gardening are unaware of the watering requirements of the plants.
Therefore, they often neglect it and when their plants are on the verge of dying, they supply it with tons of water.
You should know that over watering is as harmful for plants as under watering. Sudden overdose of water can result in root displacement.
You need to understand that moderation is the key to having a beautiful garden and that does not mean only in terms of watering. Moderation should be adopted in every single aspect of gardening.
You should know when to provide plants, what they need and when to stop. Similarly, with watering too you should know your boundaries.
There are four important factors that you should take into account.
- Watering Techniques — How to water your plants?
- Watering Duration — How long should watering take place?
- Application Frequency — How often should you water your plants?
- Watering Location — Where exactly should you water the plants?
How Often Should You Water Your Garden?
The answer to this question lies in two important gardening aspects: soil type and weather. Warm soil tends to absorb water faster whereas frozen soils are not very good with absorption, so you can reduce their water intake.
Areas that experience frequent rain falls may not even need to use artificial water supplying sources. Soil has the ability to retain water and the roots of the plants can suck water from the soil if it stays hydrated.
Needless to say, that the only reason that could work is if your soil complements the weather. If you are using soil that rejects water, rain won’t be able to fulfil your plants’ watering requirements. Usually watering plants once a day is sufficient; however, if you see that your soil is excessively dry then you can water it twice a day.
Dry soil with cracks can also be an indication of the fact that its soil changing time. This is something that you will learn with time as you gain gardening experience.
Most gardeners say that early mornings are the best time to water plants. The cool morning breeze can speed up the drying process. If you water your plants late in the day, it won’t dry and can cause diseases in your plants.
Various Watering Techniques
Managing water while you are watering your plants is the right way to use it. In order to do that, you should be familiar with the various methods through which you can water your garden. If you have a single 2 foot by 3 foot square foots garden, then you can simply use a bucket to water it.
However, if your green environment consists of more than one square foot garden then you can definitely make use of one of these garden watering techniques and find out which one of these is ideal method for you. Let’s take a look at these techniques.
Hose is tubular equipment that carries water from tap to the other side of the garden. This is one of the simplest and widely used watering methods.
Hoses are similar to pipes except that pipes are rigid and do not bend easily whereas hoses are quite flexible. The material used in the manufacturing of hoses varies from manufacturer to manufacturer.
The commonly used materials include nylon, PVC, polyethylene, synthetic rubbers, and polyurethane. Moreover, they are available in various colours, sizes and weights. Using a hose for watering plants is no big deal. Anyone can do it because it does not require any special training.
Moreover, it is cost effective and easily available. However, there are a few downsides of using this to water plants. It is not automated equipment; therefore, it can be a bit labor intensive.
Plus, watering through hose can get a little messy at times as the water pressure can disperse the soil. Another problem that people usually encounter with hoses is that the water usually sprays all over the leaves, which can lead to some fungal diseases and mould.
With hoses it is hard to evaluate whether the watering was even or not but then again there are positive and negative aspects of the tool.
As said before, this equipment will be of value to you only if your garden comprises of several small gardens. Soaker hoses are pretty much like hoses except they are porous and transference of water takes place slowly.
This allows water to reach deep into the roots of the plants. Moreover, they require minimum manual labor. The only work that you will have to perform after installation is turning the hose on and off.
Like the other type of hose, this hosepipe does not supply water evenly and you can’t control which plant gets more water and which doesn’t. But still it is one of the most convenient and cost effective watering solutions for gardens that occupy large area. Most soaker hoses are made of recycled rubber and the best ones are less than 50 feet in length.
If you want smooth water flow through soaker hoses, then you need to make sure that the hose is spread out on a levelled, flat surface. You can arrange it in straight lines or twist it around the garden bends, but make sure not to bury it inside the soil.
This is one watering equipment that is present in every house, despite being in different sizes. Fill your bucket with water and take a pitcher to transfer the water from the bucket to the plants. You can take a particular pitcher or cup and use it as a measuring device to water plants. For instance, you can use a cup to water a grid or a plant daily. This way you’d be able to provide water to your plants at an even rate. There are a lot of advantages of using bucket as watering equipment.
First of all, you don’t need to go to the market and purchase extra equipments; you can find it easily at your homes.
It is an inexpensive method and anyone can carry it out. Besides hand watering enables you to view your garden on a daily bases and tend to it. When you do that, you can spot plant diseases and sort them out at an early stage. However, it can be really tiring in summers as all the effort can make you feel nauseated.
Spray Nozzles and PVC
You can create these watering equipments by utilising your crafting skills. Combine your sprinkler heads with an above ground sprinkler system and PVC and attach them above the hose. When you turn on the water, the spray nozzles will disperse the water in every direction soaking the leaves along with the soil.
You can change the size of the nozzles according to your requirements and control the water transfer rate.
There is one problem; when leaves stay wet for a long time period, they can cultivate fungi and other diseases. PVC needs to be obscured in the soil and exposure to wind and sun will make it fragile over time.
However, if you get good quality equipments you can make it last for a considerable amount of time. It gives you the benefit of custom watering, plus, it requires less effort but you will need to turn it on and off, just like soaker hose.
The water supplying can be done quite evenly with the help of spray nozzles and PVC, but its use and installation can be a bit tricky. You need to have proper information regarding the tools to make it a better system.
You must have seen this gardening equipment in a lot of gardens. This is an automatic water supplying equipment that is distinguished on the basis of the sprinkler nozzle heads. Nozzle heads are fixed at the ending of the sprinklers.
The water transfers from the sprinklers to the gardens through these nozzles.
There are four types of nozzles that are commonly available: impact rotors, large turf rotors, pop up sprinkler heads and gear driven motors.
Pop up sprinkler head is the one that is used commonly in residential sectors. Sprinklers can water small and large gardens, both. They are easy to use, all you need to do is turn on the sprinklers and it will water the garden itself.
However, it is better if you know all about the nozzle you are using for your square foot gardens. There is one problem though; the sprinklers can wet the leaves as well. If that water does not dry in time it can cause various diseases. Other than that, it is one of the most efficient and prolific watering tool.
Automated Drip Irrigation System
The automated drip irrigation system is also known as the tickle irrigation and micro irrigation. It supplies water directly to the soil.
This is done with the help of tubes, pipes or valves that are laid down on the surface of the soil and transfers water to the roots of the plants. Moreover, you can increase or reduce the quantity of the water in this system, which is not possible in majority of the other watering systems.
This system is automatic. All you need to do is turn on the main water supplying unit. This is the ideal method for watering square foot gardens; the only downside to this system is that you need to have proper knowledge of the equipments used for assembling the system.
Also, the initial purchase of the equipments and installation can be a bit expensive but it can be used long term, which makes the cost of the system worthwhile. Since the system is automatic, your visits to your garden will be reduced; therefore, you won’t be able to detect any diseases until it’s too late.